Sonic the Hedgehog (video game)

From WE Computers Museum

This article is about the 16-bit video game. For the 8-bit game, see Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit video game). For the film, see Sonic the Hedgehog (film). For the series, see Sonic the Hedgehog.

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Sonic the Hedgehog
Developer Sonic Team
Publisher Sega
Tec Toy (Mega Drive in Brazil)
Platforms Android, Arcade, Game Boy Advance, GameCube, Genesis, Genesis Mini, iOS, Nintendo DS, Nintendo 3DS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Saturn, Switch, Wii, Windows, Xbox, Xbox 360, Xbox One
Released Genesis
NA: June 23, 1991
EU/AU: July 1991
JP: July 26, 1991
Brazil: September 1991
Arcade (Mega-Tech and Mega Play)
WW: 1991
JP: 20 June 1997
NA: 22 August 1997
EU: 28 August 1997
NA: November 10, 2002
JP: December 18, 2002
EU: March 7, 2003
PlayStation 2 and Xbox
NA: November 2, 2004
JP: December 9, 2004
EU: February 4, 2005
EU: March 31, 2006
NA: March 9, 2007
WW: October 26, 2010
WW (Sonic Origins): June 23, 2022
JP: December 2, 2006
NA: November 19, 2006
AU: December 7, 2006
EU: December 8, 2006
Xbox 360
WW: July 11, 2007
Nintendo DS
NA: March 2, 2010
AU: March 11, 2010
EU: March 12, 2010
Sega Genesis Arcade Motion Dual
NA: September 9, 2010
UK/Russia: 2013
Arcade Nano Sonic and Sonic 1 & 2
EU/NA: November 2010
UK: 2011
PlayStation 3
NA: April 19, 2011
EU/AU: April 20, 2011
JP: July 28, 2011
WW: December 12, 2013
Nintendo 3DS
JP: September 22, 2015
WW: October 8, 2015
Linux and macOS
WW: May 29, 2018
Nintendo Switch
WW (Sega Ages): September 19, 2018
Sega Genesis Mini
WW: September 19, 2019
PS4, PS5, and Xbox Series X/S
WW (Sonic Origins): June 23, 2022
WW (Sonic Origins Plus): June 23, 2023
Added to
Linux, macOS, Windows: March 11, 2016
Android: December 19, 2018
Genesis Mini: May 4, 2019
Switch (Sega Ages): April 14, 2021
Sonic Mega-Tech marquee.png

Sonic the Hedgehog is the first game in the Sonic the Hedgehog series.


Sonic the Hedgehog was originally released for the Sega Genesis in 1991.

Also in 1991, two versions of the game were released in arcades. The first version released was for the Mega-Tech System. This hardware played select Sega Genesis games with a time limit, which differed at each level. This worked in a similar fashion as the Nintendo PlayChoice-10. The second version was for the Mega Play hardware. This version was edited from the Sega Genesis version. There were only twelve levels, each of which had strict time limits. The standard settings only had three lives, and there was no way to earn more. The Sonic extra life boxes added five thousand points to the score. Inserting a coin was the only way to earn extra continues.

Sonic the Hedgehog was released in several compilations. Compilations included the Sonic Jam compilation for Saturn in 1997, the Sonic Mega Collection for GameCube in 2002, the Sonic Mega Collection Plus for PlayStation 2 and Xbox in 2004.

It was released for Windows and Wii Virtual Console in 2006, then on Xbox 360 in 2007.

Sonic the Hedgehog was also included in the Sonic Classic Collection for Nintendo DS in 2007.

It was included in Arcade Motion Dual, Arcade Nano: Sonic, and Arcade Nano: Sonic 1 & 2 in 2010. It was also released on PlayStation 3 in 2011.

A remake by Christian Whitehead and Headcannon was released for Android, and iOS in 2013 and for Nintendo 3DS in 2015. This version included Knuckles the Echidna and Miles "Tails" Prower as playable characters as well as the spin dash ability.

An additional compilation, Sega Genesis Classics, was released for PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Nintendo Switch in 2018.

Also in 2018, the Sega Genesis and Sega Play versions were included in Sega Ages Sonic the Hedgehog by M2. The Sega Play version acted as a time trial as each level had very small time limits. There was only one life and no extra lives could be earned.

In 2022, the version by Christian Whitehead and Headcannon was included in Sonic Origins for Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, PlayStation 5, Windows, Xbox One, and Xbox Series X/S in 2022. An updated version was included in Sonic Origins Plus in 2023 and included Amy Rose as a playable character.