French-style playing cards

From WE Computers Museum

This article is about the cards known as Trump in Japan. For the former president of the United States, see Donald Trump.

Animal Crossing playing cards.jpg
French-style playing cards
Designer various
Manufacturer various
Released ~1480 - present
Added to
Animal Crossing: June 13, 2019
Rick and Morty: November 24, 2020

French-style playing cards, usually known globally simply as playing cards (jeu de cartes), and in Japan as Trump (トランプ), are playing cards that contain the French suits of trèfles (clovers or clubs), carreaux (tiles or diamonds), cœurs (hearts), and piques (pikes or spades).

They typically come in 52-card sets, with numbered cards in each suit from 2 to 10, and the royal cards valet (knave or jack), dame (lady or queen), and roi (king) in each set as well. The remaining card in each suit is an ace, which can have a point value of 1 or 14.

32-card sets are also popular in France. These cards are identical to the 52-card set, except the cards from 2 to 6 are removed, and cards with the numerical number 1 are stand-ins for the aces.

There are also 54-card sets which contain 2 joker cards, which were originally added as the bowers in the card game Euchre.


Playing cards arrived in Europe from Egypt in approximately 1370. The French suit pattern was derived from German suits in approximately 1480.


Nintendo Koppai (Nintendo Cards) was founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi on September 3, 1889, following the relaxation of laws against playing cards in Japan. The company was founded in Kyoto, in an area that was well known for Yakuza activity. Yamauchi used this to his advantage, originally producing handmade Hanafuda playing cards, or flower cards. Nintendo's Hanafuda cards soon began to be used in Yakuza gambling parlors.

When demand began to overwhelm his ability to produce the handmade cards on his own, Yamauchi hired a small team to help him create the cards. His cards had become so popular that by the early 20th century, he opened up another card shop in Osaka, Japan.

In 1902, Nintendo began manufacturing and selling French-style playing cards, which were the first of their kind to be manufactured in Japan.

French playing cards in video games

Card games using French playing card decks have remained popular throughout the world and have appeared in several video games.


Poker, a popular game using French playing cards, involves trying to create combinations of cards. Texas hold 'em is the most popular ruleset for poker, although there are other rulesets, such as Omaha hold'em and pineapple hold'em.

Various varients of poker have been included as a minigame in several video games.

Rockstar San Diego included poker in Red Dead Redemption. Rockstar Games included it in Red Dead Redemption II and Red Dead Online. Each used Texas hold'em rulesets.

Ryū ga Gotoku Studio included Texas hold'em poker as mini-games in most of their games, including Fist of the North Star: Lost Paradise, Judgment, Like a Dragon: Infinite Wealth, Like a Dragon: Ishin!, Like a Dragon Gaiden: The Man Who Erased His Name, Lost Judgment, Yakuza Kiwami 2, Yakuza 3, Yakuza 4, Yakuza 6, Yakuza: Dead Souls, and Yakuza: Like a Dragon. It also included Omaha hold'em, Pineapple hold'em, and Texas hold'em poker in Yakuza 0, Yakuza Kiwami, and Yakuza 5.

Telltale Games created three poker games. Telltale Texas Hold'em and Poker Night at the Inventory, both released only on Windows, included the Texas hold'em rules of poker. Poker Night 2 for iOS, macOS, PlayStation 3, Windows, and Xbox 360 included both Texas hold'em and Omaha hold'em.